STATION NAME AND OWNER
Lammin-Suo Peat is a soil type formed from slowly decomposing vegetation. It is found in wet areas where the lack of oxygen slows the breakdown of plant matter. Peatlands are areas... More station is a part of the main experimental cluster of the State Hydrological Institute (SHI), Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Lammin-Suo station (60°14’45” N, 29°48’38” E) is located near Ilichevo settlement in Vyborgskiy district, Leningrad region, 40 minutes from Saint Petersburg.
Biological diversity. The many and varied forms of life on Earth (collectively known as biota). As well as diversity of species (species diversity), there is also diversity within populations of a... More AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
The station is situated within the Lammin-Suo Reserve, which is located in a hilly area with numerous sandy hills up to 150 m high, followed by deep pans. In the center there is a Lammin-Suo peatland, typical for the South Karelia. The most elevated part of the peatland is located in the western part and here grows cotton grass, pine 3—6 m high and Peat is a soil type formed from slowly decomposing vegetation. It is found in wet areas where the lack of oxygen slows the breakdown of plant matter. Peatlands are areas... More moss. There are two deep (>12 m) lakes, left from the swamped ancient lake. On the northern and western slopes of the peatland grows knobcone pine with a height of 8—10 m. The eastern and southern slopes of the peatland have an uneven surface with peat banks and hollows. There are a lot of heather, cranberries and cloudberries on the peat banks, while marsh scheuchzeria is a typical plant for hollows. Sphagnum mosses cover both hollows and peat banks. In the southern part of the bog there is a strip of sedge-sphagnum vegetation.
HISTORY AND FACILITIES
The Lammin-Suo station was established in 1950. 8—10 visitors can be accommodated directly at the station and extra beds can be provided upon request. Besides, housing for up to 80 guests can be provided in our campus located 3 km away. The station includes a small laboratory, kitchen, storage for instruments and field equipment, office workspace and shared bedrooms. Medical suite: at the Ilichevo settlement (3 km away) upon request
GENERAL RESEARCH AND DATABASES
The research at the Lammin-Suo peatland station focuses on The study of water in the environment, particularly its amount, movement and quality. It encompasses water in rivers, lakes, glaciers, soil and underground aquifers. The way in which water (liquid and... More The scientific study of the atmosphere and its phenomena, especially in relation to weather and weather forecasting.... More, soil processes and the landscape evolution of the peatland. Future micrometeorological studies are planned to investigate fluxes between the peatland and atmosphere. The on-going projects include the research of water and energy exchanges, All the living organisms (including people) in an area as well as its physical environment, functioning together as a unit. An ecosystem is made up of plants, animals, microorganisms, soil,... More studies, isotopic and hydrochemical studies. Data collected since 1950s have been summarized in the reference books and electronic databases available for visitors
The Ilichevo settlement (1000 inhabitants) is located 3 km from the station (5 minute drive). Also, the town of Zelenogorsk (15 000 inhabitants) known for its resort facilities in 9 km distance (12 minute drive).
The station is located 40-minute drive from Saint Petersburg, with an international airport and sea terminal. Lammin-Suo is reached year-round by car or bus. One can also get to the station from Finland by car (350 km and 5 hour drive from Helsinki, 140 km and 2 hours drive from Lappeenranta airport) or Allegro train (Helsinki – Saint Petersburg) that has stop at Vyborg (80 km from the station). There is a number of local trains connecting Vyborg and Zelenogorsk and there are regular (20—30 minutes interval) buses connecting Zelenogorsk and the Lammin-Suo station.