NAME AND OWNER
Kainuu Fisheries Research Station belongs to the Natural Resources Institute Finland.
The Kainuu research station is located ca. 320 km south of the A line of latitude currently at 66° 33? 44? (66.5622°) north of the Equator. It is the southern limit of the region of the Earth that experiences the 'midnight sun'.... More, 135 km east of Oulu, 55 km west of Kajaani and approx. 120 km west from the Russian border. The station lies in the commune of Paltamo, Finland (64°24’17”N, 27°30’55”E) and is situated by the River Varisjoki which descends into the Lake Oulujärvi.
BIODIVERSITY AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
The natural landscape of Kainuu is exceptionally diverse consisting of fells, forests, water areas and wetlands. Lake Oulujärvi (surface area 928 km2) is also known as Kainuu’s sea and is Finland’s fourth largest lake. The island of Manamansalo is situated in the centre of the lake and is a national recreational area. One of Finland’s highest untouched waterfall, with a height of 24 metres can be found in Puolanka (79 km). The nearest national parks are Rokua (75 km ), Hiidenportti (118 km) and Hossa (200 km). The nature of the area attracts various The animals that live in a particular region, habitat or time (such as geological period like the jurassic). For plants, we use the term flora, and to collectively refer to all... More including predators like bears and wolfs. Fish species present in the area are (in alphabetical order) bleak, bream, brown trout, bullhead, burbot, crucian carp, dace, eel, salmon, minnow, nine-spined stickleback, northern pike, perch, pike-perch, roach, ruff, smelt, stone loach, vendace and whitefish. The continental and oceanic climates come together in Kainuu, which usually means dry, warm summers and cold snowy winters. Ice cover season lasts from early November until mid May.
HISTORY AND FACILITIES
The history of the Kainuu research station started when the aquaculture activities started in 1935. The main parts of the present station were built in 1994. Since 2002 the station was equipped with focus on experimental fish and aquatic The study of living organisms in their environment, including where they are found and how they interact with their physical environment and with each other, for example through food webs.... More research. The station operates and is open for visitors throughout the year. The station has 14 beds, a laboratory, an auditorium, workshops and internet access.
GENERAL RESEARCH AND DATABASES
The station enables extensive possibilities to carry out ecological, environmental or management-related research in laboratory and semi natural scale experimental arenas. The research facilities include both indoor and outdoor set-ups of streams (12 + 6), indoor pools (144), outdoor pools (50) and combined stream-pool systems (40) with video arrays and PIT-telemetry devices for observing and monitoring purposes. Water (max 750 ls-1) for the streams and pools is taken from Lake Kivesjärvi (surface area 27 km2, mean water pH 6.7, oxygen 9.2 mgl-1, total P 17.0 ygl-1 and conductivity 3.5 mSm-1).
The commune of Paltamo, consists of villages. The closest village with stores and services is called Paltamo and lies 16 km away from the station. There are about 3500 inhabitants in Paltamo and approx. 80000 in the whole Kainuu area. The main livelihoods are information and communication technologies together with electronics and businesses linked to natural resources and tourism
The Kainuu research station can be reached by car, by bus or by train to Paltamo (16 km from the station) or by plane to Kajaani (62 km from the station) or Oulu (139 km from the station) year-round.