Virtual Access in INTERACT
Virtual Access (VA) means free access to stations’ data and databases. Altogether 29 research stations located in the ArcticDefinitions of the Arctic vary according to environmental, geographical, political, cultural and scientific perspectives. Some scientists define the Arctic as areas having a high latitude, long winters, short, cool summers,... and northern forest and alpine areas will offer Transnational Access by 2020.

Below you can find a listing of the INTERACT partners that currently offer Virtual Access, including a description of the data or database available and a link to it.

When using the data retrieved via Virtual Access in publications, please acknowledge the Partner/station/database providing the data and INTERACT Virtual Access under EU-H2020 Grant Agreement No.730938.

Partner Description of the VA offeredLink to the data/database
Centre d’études nordiques (CEN)CEN studies geosystems and ecosystems (terrestrial, freshwater and coastal) in the changing Arctic. The CEN Network is composed of 9 research stations and over 110 automated climate stations, and extends across a 4000 km gradient of ecozones, from boreal forest to extreme polar desert environments in the Canadian High Arctic. To archive and disseminate environmental data from this network and from other Arctic research and monitoring activities, CEN has established Nordicana D (www.cen.ulaval.ca/nordicanad), a formatted, peer-reviewed, online data publication series. Produced only in electronic form, the data entries can be updated, and derived values (daily, month and annual means) are freely and openly accessible. Each volume is indexed via an assigned Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which provides citation credit to the research group or individual. The volumes are cross-referenced in Polar Data Catalogue (www.polardata.ca), and contain extensive metadata, photographic documentation, and citation details. To date, 28 data series have been published, ranging from 29 years of climateThe average weather we would expect over a long period of time (seasons, years, decades). Climate varies from place-to-place across the Earth. Climate is determined by long-term (over at least... station data. The average weather we would expect over a long period of time (seasons, years, decades). Climate varies from place-to-place across the Earth. Climate is determined by long-term (over at least... station data, to multi-year data from transects of borehole and near-surface ground temperatures, to groundwater monitoring, lake ice photographic data, microbiological DNA reference sequences, and lemming population monitoring data.Nordicana D
Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, Aarhus University, University of Copenhagen, Asiaq – Greenland Survey, National Geological Survey of Denmark and GreenlandGreenland Ecosystem Monitoring (GEM) is an integrated monitoring and long-term research programme on ecosystems and climate change effects and feedbacks in the Arctic. Data collected via GEM at the stations Zackenberg Research Station, Nuuk-Basic and Arctic Station is freely available and covers more than 3000 variables measured on a continuous basis spanning bio-, climate-, geo-, glacio-, and marine parameters. Metadata describing the data and links to specific manuals are included in the database or at the GEM homepage (www.g-e-m.dk).GEM database
Aurora Research InstituteThe Aurora Research Institute (ARI) maintains a collection of scientific research license information for studies conducted within the Northwest Territories (NWT), Canada. ARI has developed the NWT Research Database to make this research licensing data publicly available. This database is a compilation of license information from various processes that have been in place for administering the NWT Scientists Act since 1974.NWT Research database
Natural Resources Institute FinlandKainuu Fisheries Research Station (KFRS) offers over fourty-year-long time series  (catch, cpue, size and age of the fish since 1974) of the most commonly caught fish species that have been collected from lake Oulujärvi (surface area 928 km2) situated nearby the KFRS. The data has been processed to include, for example, the annual mean, median, and range of each species. In addition, water temperature and water quality data from the station is available as background information.Kolari Field site of Natural Resource Institute Finland offers access to metadata of long and short term ecological research data concerning borealNorthern, from Boreas, the Greek god of the north wind.... forests, sub-arctic floraThe plants that live in a particular region, habitat or time (such as geological period like the jurassic). For animals, we use the term fauna, and to collectively refer to all... and faunaThe animals that live in a particular region, habitat or time (such as geological period like the jurassic). For plants, we use the term flora, and to collectively refer to all... and use of polar nature. Long term data consists of timberline studies and phenomenology of Northern Finland. Majority of the data has been processed and is ready for use. A registration is required to access the data. Metadata can be browsed directly at the Radar database.KFRS database

RADAR database
Finnish Meteorological InstituteData available from the Pallas-Sodankylä station can be accessed via local databases and includes: ground weather observations, soundings data, ozone vertical profile, stratospheric water vapour vertical profile, aerosol backscatter vertical profile, solar radiation observations, surface reflectance, reflected radiance (350-2500 nm), temperature, humidity and wind speed profile, soil and snow observations, microwave observations, air chemistryThe study of matter at the atomic and molecular scale.... observations, mast and ground measurements (greenhouse gasA gas found in the earth's atmosphere that traps heat radiated from the surface of the earth, and causes the earth's temperature to rise. The term comes from the fact... columns: CO2, CH4, N2O, H2O, other gas columns: CO2, CH4, N2O, H2O, other gas columns: HF, CO, O2, FTS in the near IR region), airborne and deposited radioactivity, external radiation, aerosols, cloud camera, gases (O3, SO2, NO2, CO2, CH4, N2O, SF6, H2, CO), nitrate + nitric acid, ammonium + ammonia, heavy metals, mercury (particulate, gaseous), volatile organic compounds, aerosols.database
University of HelsinkiSMEAR II -Hyytiälä Forest Research Station. Smear research stations are to quantify the feedbacks between the atmospheric processes and changing functioning of biosphere in changing climate. Data include wide variety of variables related to the fields of physics, chemistry, biologyThe study of life and living organisms (from the Greek word 'bios' meaning life)...., meteorologyThe scientific study of the atmosphere and its phenomena, especially in relation to weather and weather forecasting.... and forestry, many of those spanning as long-term records over several decades.The database of automated measurements offers quality controlled time series with brief explanation of metadata, as well as option to average the variables during the downloading process. Forestry parameters, including the metadata, are available via a separate database.SMEAR database


Forestry database

University of TurkuData from Kevo SubarcticThe area immediately south of the Arctic circle. Generally, subarctic regions fall between 50°N and 70°N latitude, depending on local climate. In other words, the subarctic is the region between the... Research institute is available on variety of parameters. Meteorological data from Utsjoki Kevo (since 1962) and Utsjoki Kevojärvi (since 2011) are provided by the Finnish Meteorological Institute. Some variables are directly available on station web page. Wider variety of daily weather parameters is also available by direct request from the Kevo station. Finnish Meteorological Institute has opened major part of its meteorological datasets for public use. A much larger set of variables can be found from there by registration. When used, these datasets must be accompanied by information on the original source (FMI). Large set of hydrological (water temperature, water level, discharge, ice breakup, snow depths, frost depth etc.) and other environmental variables are available from the Finnish Environment Institute’s open data service upon registration. This data web service is mainly available in Finnish language.KEVO database


FMI Open Data


FMI database

Yugra State UniversityThe data offered includes the Mukhrino weather station database , theYugra State University Biological Collection Database, the Yugra State University Biological Collection (YSU BC) homepage in GBIF, and the Mukhrino Field Station database in DEIMS (Dynamic Ecological Information Management System). Three more databases are available upon request.MFS database
Alfred Wegener InstituteThe link provided here for INTERACT Virtual Access leads you to Samoylov datasets in PANGAEA and in the database of the Global Terrestrial Network for PermafrostPermafrost is frozen ground that remains at or below zero degrees Celsius (32 degrees Fahrenheit) for two or more years. It forms in regions where the mean annual temperature is... (GTN-P). In the information system PANGAEA, which is operated as an Open Access library aimed at archiving, publishing and distributing georeferenced data from earth system research, you will find datasets starting from 2002 until one year before today. You can filter more than 230 data sets by Data Author, Year of Data Publication, Topic (Research Discipline), Methods and Locations. The links to the GTN-P Database provide permafrost boreholes temperature data at different depths since 2006 and the Seasonal Thaw Depth (Active LayerThe layer of ground above permafrost that is subject to annual thawing and freezing....) data since 2002. The data from the Samoylov observatory are made available for virtual access via the databases on a yearly basis after their release by the Russian authorities and quality check by the responsible scientists.database
Swedish Polar Research SecretariatA project database about projects that have taken place at Abisko Research Station, including metadata, is available at NordGis on-line system.Monitoring data are available by contacting the station (ans@polar.se). In 2019, such monitoring data will be made available on-line.NordGIS database
Stockholm UniversityTarfala Research Station monitors glacierA glacier is a large, persistent body of land-based ice that forms over many years where the accumulation of snow is greater than its loss (ablation). The ice in a... mass balanceThe difference between the amount of ice a glacier gains in winter and the amount lost in summer. A glacier which is gaining mass has a positive mass balance: more ice is... (seasonal measurements of snow accumulationEncompasses all the ways in which a body of ice (a glacier or ice sheet) gains mass at its surface, such as snowfall and rime formation. However, it excludes ice... and ablationEncompasses all the ways in which ice mass is lost from the surface of a glacier or ice sheet, such as melting at the surface or the base (underside), and evaporation. However, ablation... on 5 glaciers); automatically recorde weather at 7 sites, measures river water discharge (gauge, sonar) and lake and river water chemistry, and NDVI at one site . Monitoring data can be openly accessed at: http://bolin.su.se/data/tarfala/. Glacier data is reported to World Glacier Monitoring System(http://wgms.ch). Automatic weather stations data is made accessible via satellite link (http://tarfala.insitu.se)Tarfala monitoring data

World Glacier Monitoring System

Automatic weather station data
ZAMGThe Sonnblick Observatory monitoring data focuses on cryospherePlaces on earth where water is in its solid form, frozen into ice or snow. This includes polar regions but also high altitude areas (high mountains). In a region's winter,..., permafrost, biology, meteorology, air chemistry, aerosols, snow chemistry and deposition. Observations of meteorological data started in 1886. The Sonnblick Observatory is part of the networks GTS, GAW, GCW, GTN-P, LTER, BSRN, NDACC, etc., hence the data can be find in different databases. To make it easier for research we are working on a data portal. The Sonnblick data portal will give an overview over all gathered data around the Sonnblick Observatory and allow the download of these data for the scientific use. Supported by INTERACT, the data portal will be available in 2019. If you need data now and you cannot find them in the world databases, please contact the station manager of the Sonnblick Observatory via https://www.sonnblick.net/en/contact/.
Sonnblick Online data
Sonnblick database
Sonnblick historical meteorological Data
Sonnblick BSRN data
Sonnblick radiation data
Sonnblick NDACC data
Sonnblick Permafrost
Sonnblick Greenhous Gases
Sonnblick Aerosols (soon)
Sonnblick Precipitation Chemistry
SLUSvartberget research infrastructure includes multiple continuous monitoring sites. Continuous measurements of stream water chemistry, discharge and water temperature is performed at 16 catchments, ground water chemistry and physical soil and bedrock measurements are performed at several depths spanning from 10 centimetres down to 150 meters. Svartberget also has several installations for atmospheric flux and spectral reflectance measurements, including a 150 meter high tower equipped with sensors along the entire length. The study area includes the most intensively studied mire ecosystemAll the living organisms (including people) in an area as well as its physical environment, functioning together as a unit. An ecosystem is made up of plants, animals, microorganisms, soil,... on the northern hemisphere, with the worlds longest uninterrupted time series of carbon and greenhouse gas balance. Additionally, Svartberget has long data series for climate data and the station has a state of the art atmospheric ozone measurement site. Measurements of hydrologyThe study of water in the environment, particularly its amount, movement and quality. It encompasses water in rivers, lakes, glaciers, soil and underground aquifers. The way in which water (liquid and..., climate, stream and soil water chemistry have been ongoing for over 30 years.Svartberget data portal

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