Shortlist from Station Catalogue over facilities and science disciplines.
NAME AND OWNER
Villum Research Station, Station Nord (VRS) consist of a garage for storage of vehicles and a tents, generators etc. for a mobile station, a Laboratory house with place to 14 scientist and facilities to carry out interdisciplinary research located at Station Nord. 2 km outside Station Nord is an air monitoring house. Total research area ca. 600 m2. The Station is own by the Greenlandic Government but is operated by Aarhus University.
VRS is located on Princess Ingeborgs Peninsula (area about 20 x 15 km2 lowland plain) in North Greenland at 81° 36’5.26” N, 16° 39’43.31” W. VRS is located in Greenland national Park which is the largest national park of the world. The military station has an average elevation of 30 m a.s.l. with a gentle slope to the coasts. The gravel/ice runway which is kept open year-round is oriented approximately north–south parallel with the northwestern shoreline of the peninsula. The station is a gateway to the national park of NE Greenland and a support and refurbishment base for the Danish dog sledge patrol Sirius.
BIODIVERSITY AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
The plain is comprised of Quaternary raised marine silt, beach shingle and glacial deposits (Funder and Abrahamsen, 1988). The Quaternary deposits are underlain by rocks of Permian age. We noted at a pre-study in August, 2001 that the The layer of ground above permafrost that is subject to annual thawing and freezing.... More, above the Permafrost is frozen ground that remains at or below zero degrees Celsius (32 degrees Fahrenheit) for two or more years. It forms in regions where the mean annual temperature is... More was shallow, approximately 8-10 cm (though no formal study to our knowledge has been carried out to establish the depth). The plain borders on the Wandel Sea to the north and west, and to Flade Isblink, a local ice cap (presently being used for ice-core studies) to the east and south. Describe in general terms The average weather we would expect over a long period of time (seasons, years, decades). Climate varies from place-to-place across the Earth. Climate is determined by long-term (over at least... More and environment and supplement with description of charismatic features and species (in ca. 100 words). Feel free to include permafrost info and specific charismatic species (e.g. bears, moose, musk ox, reindeer/caribou, etc.) or other features of interest.
HISTORY AND FACILITIES
Aarhus University operates the Villum Research Station in North Greenland. The Villum Research Station is a substantial upgrade of the air pollution monitoring station Station Nord. Station Nord was opened in 1952 as a Danish weather station and emergency runway, and remained open until 1972, when it was then closed and left unused, until the Danish Military acquired it in 1975. The research activities have been ongoing since the 1970’s with measurement activities intensified since 1990. The research facilities were established by the Danish National Environmental Research Institute (NERI), which is now merged with Aarhus University. From 2013 and onwards, the research facilities are being substantially upgraded, thanks to a major grant from the Villum Foundation.
GENERAL RESEARCH AND DATABASES
A database will be established for the storage of all kind of scientific data. At present only atmospheric data are stored in AU database. Meteorological and atmospheric chemical data are sent to EMEP, AMAP and in future also to WMO-GAW. Describe main research fields at the station and existing databases. A list of current parameters measured can be found on envs.au.dk/en/research/facilities/villumresearchstation/.
Station Nord is operated by the Danish military and is manned year round by 5 soldiers. The nearest community is more than 800 km away.
Traditionally transport has been with the Danish Air Force on the space available principle but from 2015 and onwards we will have direct flight regularly from Svalbard.