Belonging to a certain place. IndigenousBelonging to a certain place. Indigenous people are distinct ethnic groups that have historic connections to people who lived in a territory prior to the area being colonized or coming... More people are distinct ethnic groups that have historic connections to people who lived in a territory prior to the area being colonized or coming under control of a nation state. Examples of indigenous peoples are the Maori of New Zealand, North American Indians  and – in the ArcticDefinitions of the Arctic vary according to environmental, geographical, political, cultural and scientific perspectives. Some scientists define the Arctic as areas having a high latitude, long winters, short, cool summers,... More – the Inuit and Saami. Indigenous people often retain long traditions, cultures, languages and knowledge.

There are over 40 different ethnic groups living in the Arctic. They include:

  • the Saami in circumpolar areas of Finland, Sweden, Norway and Northwest Russia
  • Nenets, Khanty, Evenk and Chukchi in Russia
  • Aleut, Yupik and Inuit (Iñupiat) in Alaska
  • Inuit (Inuvialuit) in Canada
  • Inuit (Kalaallit) in Greenland
  • This is a map of indigenous groups based on language groups.

Indigenous (or traditional) knowledge is the collective knowledge of indigenous people, often passed on from generation to generation verbally, in stories and in songs, rather than in written form. In connection to the Arctic environment, the term Traditional Ecological Knowledge is used to refer to specific knowledge regarding the natural environment.

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