The study of fungi.
Fungi are fundamental for life on earth, and important in all environments, including in the ArcticDefinitions of the Arctic vary according to environmental, geographical, political, cultural and scientific perspectives. Some scientists define the Arctic as areas having a high latitude, long winters, short, cool summers,... More. Many fungi live in close association with other organisms, in ‘symbiotic relationships’ (for example lichens consist of a fungus and an alga). Many fungi are able to break down (decompose) complex organic molecules such as lignin (found in wood) and some pollutants. In so doing, fungi are very important in carbon cycles.
Fungal species have been long be used by people, e.g. as food (and in crafts like baking, brewing and cheese-making), medicines and poisons.They therefore feature in the traditional way of life of Arctic indigenousBelonging to a certain place. Indigenous people are distinct ethnic groups that have historic connections to people who lived in a territory prior to the area being colonized or coming... More people.