Norwegian Polar Institute
Shortlist from Station Catalogue over facilities and science disciplines.
STATION NAME AND OWNER
The Ny-Ålesund Research Station – Sverdrup is owned and managed by the Norwegian Polar Institute.
NPI Sverdrup is part of Ny-Ålesund Research Station which is located on the northern side of the Brøgger Peninsula at the southern shore of Kongsfjorden, Svalbard, Norway. Ny-Ålesund Research Station is a Norwegian research and monitoring infrastructure site, hosting a number of national and international institutions’ long term research programmes and projects. Infrastructure services are provided by the Kings Bay AS. The nearest civilian settlement is Longyearbyen, 100 km south of Ny-Ålesund.
BIODIVERSITY AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
Ny-Ålesund is surrounded by Definitions of the Arctic vary according to environmental, geographical, political, cultural and scientific perspectives. Some scientists define the Arctic as areas having a high latitude, long winters, short, cool summers,... More A type of ecosystem in which tree growth is limited by low temperatures. The origin of the word is from from the Kildin Sami word tūndâr, meaning "uplands" or "treeless mountain tract". In the northern... More and river plains, while the mountains in the inner part of the Brøgger Peninsula have many small glaciers. Large A glacier is a large, persistent body of land-based ice that forms over many years where the accumulation of snow is greater than its loss (ablation). The ice in a... More tongues flow into Kongsfjorden on the eastern and northern side of the fjord. Most of the birds living in Svalbard are breeding on small islands or on bird cliffs in Kongsfjorden. Reindeer and foxes are common visitors in Ny-Ålesund. Seals are often seen close to the settlement, and sometimes also walrus and beluga occur.
HISTORY AND FACILITIES
Ny-Ålesund was a mining town until the 1960s, when the coal mining activity was shut down. After a few years of inactivity Kings Bay AS was revived as an infrastructure provider, and Ny-Ålesund entered a new phase – as a location dedicated to research and environmental monitoring. Today, 11 nations have a long-term presence in Ny-Ålesund, and scientists from many more nations visit the research station to conduct research. NPI Sverdrup hosts Norwegian projects and research groups from nations without a long-term presence in Ny-Ålesund. NPI Sverdrup provides logistical support (snowmobiles, boats, and equipment), workshops, office facilities, and field storage, while common specialised laboratory space is available through Kings Bay. One of the main activities of NPI is to run the Zeppelin Observatory (which is located on the Zeppelin Mountain (472 m a.s.l.) and accessible by cable car) for long-term atmospheric monitoring. NPI Sverdrup can provide office space for up to 25 people. NPI Sverdrup is operated year-round with a permanent staff of seven persons.
GENERAL RESEARCH AND DATABASES
Ny-Ålesund and its area is ideal for research and monitoring of environmental changes related to According to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, climate change is change in the climate of the whole Earth or a region of the Earth that is believed... More issues, long range transportation of pollutants, UV-radiation and related biological effects, physiology, eco-toxicology, arctic marine and terrestrial ecosystems, as well as other research disciplines. Research and environmental monitoring activities at Ny-Ålesund Research Station are organised in four flagship programmes focusing on marine, terrestrial, atmospheric, and glaciological research. The combination of a northern location, a coastal setting, a heterogenous landscape, and relatively easy access has provided a unique environment for long-term research and time-series observations and makes Ny-Ålesund a key location for research and environmental monitoring in the High Arctic. Svalbard Integrated Arctic Earth Observing System (SIOS) is an international partnership of research institutions studying the environment and The average weather we would expect over a long period of time (seasons, years, decades). Climate varies from place-to-place across the Earth. Climate is determined by long-term (over at least... More in and around Svalbard among others to develop an efficient observing system and sharing data. The SIOS Data Management System is establishing a virtual data centre offering unified access to the relevant data. Observations from Ny-Ålesund Research Station is a subset of these, and can be accessed from there.
Ny-Ålesund Research Station is only accessible for researchers. During the peak season (June-August), 150-180 persons stay at the station, but the number typically drops to 40-60 people in autumn and winter. Unless campaigns are being conducted, only the permanent staff (30-40 people) is present during the winter months. Ny-Ålesund is also home to the largest collection of protected buildings in Svalbard.
Longyearbyen can be reached by commercial aircrafts. From there an air shuttle service normally twice a week connects Longyearbyen with Ny-Ålesund. The flight takes approximately 25 minutes with normally max. 14 persons per flight. Cargo and heavy instruments/equipment should be sent to Ny-Ålesund by the cargo ship that arrives 8-10 times a year.
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