Zentralanstalt für Metereologie und Geodynamik,
Climate Research Department,
Hohe Warte 38,
1190 Vienna, Austria
Station Manager:
Elke Ludewig
TA/RA contacts:
3

Shortlist from Station Catalogue over facilities and science disciplines.

Sonnblick

STATION NAME AND OWNER

The Sonnblick Observatory is owned by Sonnblick Verein and managed by the Zentralanstalt fur Meteorologie und Geodynamik in cooperation with the Sonnblick Verein.

LOCATION

Sonnblick Observatory is located in the Austrian Central Alps at an elevation of 3106 m a.s.l. at top of the mountain “Hoher Sonnblick”.It is situated at the alpine main divide, which is a clear climatological border. It also lies in the “Nationalpark Hohe Tauern” which covers 1856 km² of the Austrian Alps at the border between the provinces of Salzburg, Carinthia and Tyrol. Nearest villages are Heiligenblut to the South (10 km away) and Rauris to the North (20 km away). One important reason for the establishment of the Sonnblick Observatory in 1886 was the available infrastructure from gold mining activities.

BIODIVERSITY AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

The natural environment is high-alpine with year-round snow-cover, glaciers, and permafrostPermafrost is frozen ground that remains at or below zero degrees Celsius (32 degrees Fahrenheit) for two or more years. It forms in regions where the mean annual temperature is... More. Sonnblick region covers mountain ecosystems.

HISTORY AND FACILITIES

Sonnblick Observatory was built in 1886 at the summit of Sonnblick Mountain, motivated from the need for information on meteorologyThe scientific study of the atmosphere and its phenomena, especially in relation to weather and weather forecasting.... More in higher altitudes of the atmosphere. Very soon other scientific disciplines became interested in the extreme location of the observatory, e.g. Nobel-prize winner V.F. Hess for his measurements of cosmic rays. In 1986, the observatory was rebuilt to a modern observatory with cable car access, electricity, and a large research platform. From that time onward investigations on atmospheric chemistryThe study of matter at the atomic and molecular scale.... More became a new research field at Sonnblick. Today, Sonnblick is a station of interdisciplinary research covering the atmosphere, the cryospherePlaces on earth where water is in its solid form, frozen into ice or snow. This includes polar regions but also high altitude areas (high mountains). In a region's winter,... More, the biosphere, the lithosphere, and the hydrosphere.

GENERAL RESEARCH AND DATABASES

Research of Sonnblick is currently formulated in the research programme ENVISON. It covers three main topics (the atmosphere, the cryosphere, and the biosphere) in an extensive monitoring programme and with many research projects. Sonnblick is outstanding with respect to its long-term climateThe average weather we would expect over a long period of time (seasons, years, decades). Climate varies from place-to-place across the Earth. Climate is determined by long-term (over at least... More observations and studies on glacierA glacier is a large, persistent body of land-based ice that forms over many years where the accumulation of snow is greater than its loss (ablation). The ice in a... More changes. Thus, the impact of Climate ChangeAccording to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, climate change is change in the climate of the whole Earth or a region of the Earth that is believed... More on the cryosphere is a major research topic at Sonnblick. Since 1886, Sonnblick was also involved in many international projects on atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics. The research is described on www.sonnblick.net. Sonnblick Observatory cooperates with several Austrian and international universities/research institutions. Within the frame of the GAW-DACH cooperation, Sonnblick has a special partnership with the observatories Jungfraujoch (in Switzerland), Zugspitze and Hohenpeissenberg (both Germany) for common research on atmospheric processes and Climate Change (GAW: Global Atmosphere Watch in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland: D-A-CH). The Sonnblick observatory is part of the BSRN-Network as well as of WMO-GCW.

HUMAN DIMENSION

The nearest settlements are Rauris (c. 3000 inhabitants) in the North and Heiligenblut, at the foot of Austria’s highest peak Grossglockner (3798 m), in the South. Both villages are well known tourist centres for mountain-related summer and winter activities (all kind of skiing, hiking, climbing, cycling, etc.). The Valley of Rauris is the largest community of the Salzburg province, and has more than 420 000 bed-nights related to tourism per year. Heiligenblut has 1090 inhabitants (January 2011) and is the end point of the Grossglocker Hochalpenstra.e (high alpine road).

ACCESS

Access to Sonnblick Observatory is possible throughout the year either by cable car from the North (20 minutes trip from Rauris valley) or by hiking from Rauris valley from the north or from Heiligenblut from the south (about 5 hours hike from both sides). As Sonnblick is situated within the “Nationalpark Hohe Tauern” the use of helicopters is restricted. However, scientific activities usually will get permission for required helicopter flights. Because of its remote location in the Alps potential mountain hazards have to be considered during field work. Sonnblick Observatory is built together with an alpine hut “Zittelhaus” which offers additional accommodation and space.

Field Site information table pdf

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