Station Manager:
Otgonbayar Demberel


Tsambagarav Research Station is a center for glaciological and alpine research at Khovd Branch School of National university of Mongolia, Mongolia, and hosted by the university’s Department of Geography and Geology.


Tsambagarav Research Station is located at 2747m a.s.l. in the high-alpine Tsambagarav and Tsast Mountains, western Mongolia. It is Mongolia’s only research station in a high alpine environment surrounded by glaciers. The nearest settlement is the Erdeneburen soum (village) 70 km southeast of the station. And Altantsugts soum of Bayan-Ulgii aimag 50 km northeast of the station.

There is a mountain tourist camp (Tsast ) 4 km from TRS.


Tsambagarav Research Station is surrounded by Mongolian Altai highest mountains and several glaciers, and it is embedded in a time-machine like natural laboratory since climate warming is more pronounced in the Arctic (“Arctic Amplification”). This fuels a rapid decay of the small and vulnerable Mongolian Altai glaciers, and a rapid emergence of postglacial terrestrial and aquatic environments and associated changes in hydrological regimes and ecosystems can therefore be studied at and around TRS. Lake Nurganii, ca 1 km from TRS, is an exceptionally deep alpine lake (35km) that is seasonally ice covered and dimictic. Permafrost is in the area is patchy, and vegetation ranges from high-alpine flora.  In Tsambagarav mountain, there are Snow Leopard, Argali sheep, Ibex, Rock Ptarmigan, and Altai Snowcock. The Argali wild sheep found in the park is the largest in the world.


TRS was officially inaugurated in 2014 as an infrastructure for research in glaciology and geomorphology at Khovd state University at the Department of Geography. The 110,960 ha area was set up in 2000 to protect endangered species such as Snow Leopard, Argali sheep, Ibex, Rock Ptarmigan, and Altai Snowcock. Except for the wildlife, the scenic Tsambagarav Uul National Park has plenty of archeological sites and historical evidence including rock drawings, deer stones, and balbal stones.


At TRS we conduct high quality, internationally recognised scientific research on Mongolian Altai alpine and glacial environments. We  do both disciplinary and interdisciplinary research, with links to the effects of climate change on the global cryosphere and with focus on Mongolian Altai glaciers.

Long term observations of watercourses and ecosystems are also carried out alongside long term observations of the changing state of glaciers. The data is made available with open-access through different databases.

TRS is also a platform for field-based teaching, which is available for both international and national students and teachers. TRS also collaborates with non-academic actors who are active in the unique environment around the station, and communicates relevant research results to a wide range of target groups. We welcome researchers and academic courses from various subject areas and universities, academic workshops and meetings!

An important component of the research conducted at TRS is the measurement of Nurganii glacier mass balance which will start in 2023 and is included in the World Glacier Monitoring Service’s database. The mass balance dataset from the Nurganii glacier, and its measurements have helped shape a comprehensive knowledge of the interaction between the glacier and climate, local temperatures, and precipitation changes, which together play an important role in our understanding of glacier dynamics.


The nearest village is Erdeneburen sum of Khovd aimag, inhabited by 60 km, mainly by the ethnic group Uuld people. The north part or the station Altantsugts sum of the Bayan-Ulgii aimag, with mainly kazak people. There is permanent population living in the area in summer, mainly local herdmen. The population of Erdeneburen sum is 2426, of which more than 300 people live in Namarjin bag.


Travel to TRS is recommended via Khovd and Ulgii. Khovd and Ulgii are reached by car and plane from Ulanbaator. From Ulgii aand Khovd the station also can be accessed by rental cat and bus from Khovd (c130 km), from Ulgii city 135 km. Bayan-Olgii, 1 hour away from Hovd province. Walking and horse riding are available from the research base.



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