Canada´s territory extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean covering 9.985 million km2. The country has around 38 million inhabitants (3.8/km2) with around 80% living along the southern border to the USA. The Canadian Arctic is characterized by arctic climate and vegetation, permafrost, tundra and polar deserts at high latitudes. The sub-arctic zone consists of boreal forests. In addition, Canada has around 2,000,000 freshwater lakes. The following information aims at providing an overview of the most common permit types relevant for scientists travelling to and working in Canada.

National rules and regulations are given for the following categories:

  • Cross border travel (persons, equipment, samples, chemicals),
  • Access to specific areas,
  • Permits to conduct fieldwork and collect samples,
  • Field instrumentation,
  • Safety equipment and
  • Regional/local permits.

Additional information sources relevant for conducting science in Canada are also listed.

Disclaimer: INTERACT takes no legal responsibility for the information presented here. These pages only address the most common permit types. Certain studies may require specialist permits not covered here. New regulations may also come into force, permit conditions may change and links may become outdated or no longer work. If you encounter broken links, significant permit updates or have suggestions for additional permit types we can include, please contact us at

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