Circumpolar Biological diversity. The many and varied forms of life on Earth (collectively known as biota). As well as diversity of species (species diversity), there is also diversity within populations of a... More Monitoring Project. An initiative of Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna. One of the working groups of the Arctic Council. Established in 1992. Its main role is to advise governments on conservation matters and issues concerning... More, started in 2000.